MAGE XP-2 - A MEMBER OF THE MAGE GENE FAMILY ISOLATED FROM AN EXPRESSION LIBRARY USING SYSTEMIC LUPUS-ERYTHEMATOSUS SERA

Citation
Dk. Mccurdy et al., MAGE XP-2 - A MEMBER OF THE MAGE GENE FAMILY ISOLATED FROM AN EXPRESSION LIBRARY USING SYSTEMIC LUPUS-ERYTHEMATOSUS SERA, MOLECULAR GENETICS AND METABOLISM, 63(1), 1998, pp. 3-13
Citations number
18
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Genetics & Heredity","Medicine, Research & Experimental",Biology
ISSN journal
1096-7192
Volume
63
Issue
1
Year of publication
1998
Pages
3 - 13
Database
ISI
SICI code
1096-7192(1998)63:1<3:MX-AMO>2.0.ZU;2-Q
Abstract
Two regions of the genome contain members of the MAGE gene family; Xqa 7-qter and Xp21.3. We isolated a transcript, MAGE Xp-2, by screening a cDNA library from the human epithelial carcinoma cell line, HEp-2, us ing autoantibodies from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SL E), The open reading frame (ORF) of MAGE Xp-2 is entirely contained in exon 4, a signature feature of the MAGE gene family. While MAGE Xp-2 shares genomic homology with MAGE Xp-1, the predicted proteins are qui te divergent. Specific primers were designed to reliably distinguish b etween MAGE Xp-1 and MAGE Xp-2 expression, MAGE Xp-2 is expressed in t estis, but not in other normal tissues. It is also expressed strongly in two of seven melanoma cell lines and one of four breast carcinomas. MAGE gene expression may be important not only for tumor recognition and cancer therapy, but, because it is the apparent target of autoanti bodies in SLE sera, it may also play a role in autoimmune diseases. (C ) 1998 Academic Press.