HIGH PLASMA-FREE FATTY-ACIDS DECREASE SPLANCHNIC GLUCOSE-UPTAKE IN PATIENTS WITH NON-INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES-MELLITUS

Citation
T. Tomita et al., HIGH PLASMA-FREE FATTY-ACIDS DECREASE SPLANCHNIC GLUCOSE-UPTAKE IN PATIENTS WITH NON-INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES-MELLITUS, Endocrine journal, 45(2), 1998, pp. 165-173
Citations number
40
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Endocrynology & Metabolism
Journal title
ISSN journal
0918-8959
Volume
45
Issue
2
Year of publication
1998
Pages
165 - 173
Database
ISI
SICI code
0918-8959(1998)45:2<165:HPFDSG>2.0.ZU;2-0
Abstract
It has been proposed that high plasma free fatty acid (FFA) levels obs erved in patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) contribute to the development of their insulin resistance. We examine d patients with NIDDM to find whether maintaining plasma FFA levels in the fasting range with a euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp combined w ith an oral glucose load (clamp OGL) would affect insulin-mediated per ipheral glucose uptake (PGU) and splanchnic glucose uptake (SGU). Nine NIDDM subjects (age, 55 +/- 3 years; duration of diabetes, 11 +/- 2 y ears; body mass index, 21.0 +/- 0.4 kg/ml; hemoglobin A(1)c, 9.0 +/- 0 .3%; fasting plasma glucose, 9.4 +/- 3.0 mmol/l, means +/- SEM) were h ospitalized and treated with diet, oral hypoglycemic agents or insulin for at least 2 weeks to maintain fasting plasma glucose < 8 mmol/l. A ll the patients were subjected to two different protocols in a random order. On one protocol, under the hyperinsulinemic condition, FFAs wer e maintained at the their fasting levels (1.19 +/- 0.08) by triglyceri de emulsion infusion (Lipid infusion study, L), and on the other proto col, FFAs were made to fall (0.26 +/- 0.06 mmol/l) with saline instead of triglyceride emulsion infusion (Saline infusion study, S). During euglycemic (L, 5.4 +/- 0.2; S, 5.1 +/- 0.2 mmol/l) hyperinsulinemic (L , 1377 +/- 108; S, 1328 +/- 67 pmol/l) clamp, high FFA levels signific antly reduced PGU (L, 26.7 +/- 3.6; S, 32.1 +/- 3.4 mu mol.kg(-1).min( -1), P<0.05) and SGU (L, 12.1 +/- 4.2; S, 27.5 +/- 5.6%, P<0.05). In c onclusion, high FFA levels in patients with NIDDM impaired insulin-med iated glucose uptake in the splanchnic as well as peripheral tissues.