SCREENING FOR PSYCHIATRIC COMORBIDITY AMONG FEMALE ALCOHOLICS - THE USE OF A QUESTIONNAIRE (SCL-90) AMONG WOMEN EARLY IN THEIR TREATMENT PROGRAM

Authors
Citation
B. Haver, SCREENING FOR PSYCHIATRIC COMORBIDITY AMONG FEMALE ALCOHOLICS - THE USE OF A QUESTIONNAIRE (SCL-90) AMONG WOMEN EARLY IN THEIR TREATMENT PROGRAM, Alcohol and alcoholism, 32(6), 1997, pp. 725-730
Citations number
30
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Substance Abuse
Journal title
ISSN journal
0735-0414
Volume
32
Issue
6
Year of publication
1997
Pages
725 - 730
Database
ISI
SICI code
0735-0414(1997)32:6<725:SFPCAF>2.0.ZU;2-T
Abstract
The use of a questionnaire, Symptom Check List-90 (SCL-90), as a scree ning instrument for psychiatric disorders was studied in 60 women atte nding their first treatment for alcohol abuse in Stockholm, Sweden. A global SCL-90 index, the General Symptomatic Index (GSI), measuring th e total level of recent self-reported psychological distress, showed a high efficacy in distinguishing 'psychiatric cases' from 'non-cases' in the present sample. Psychiatric cases were defined as subjects sati sfying the criteria for any current DSM-III-R disorder other than subs tance abuse. The psychiatric diagnoses were obtained independently by use of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R (SCID-I). Psych iatric disorders, especially depression and anxiety disorders, frequen tly antecede or develop secondary to alcohol abuse among women. The us e of structured interviews to diagnose these disorders is, however, ti me-consuming. Findings from the present study indicate that SCL-90 can be used to detect psychiatric comorbidity among female alcoholics, th us enabling clinicians to be aware of concomitant psychiatric disorder s among a subgroup of patients.