Dg. Neschis et al., THERMAL PRECONDITIONING BEFORE RAT ARTERIAL BALLOON INJURY - LIMITATION OF INJURY AND SUSTAINED REDUCTION OF INTIMAL THICKENING, Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology, 18(1), 1998, pp. 120-126
Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are a family of highly conserved proteins,
essential to cell survival, that are induced during times of physiolog
ical stress. These proteins, when induced, can provide tolerance to su
bsequent injury. Several studies have documented that HSPs play an imp
ortant role in the response of vascular cells to injury or stress. Whe
ther the vasculature itself can be effectively preconditioned before a
rterial injury is unknown. Vascular HSP induction by whole-body hypert
hermia (WBH) was evaluated with regard to its effects on the vascular
response to balloon injury. WBH treatment of Sprague-Dawley rats (colo
nic temperatures of 41 to 42 degrees C for 15 minutes) resulted in max
imal arterial HSP expression within 8 to 12 hours. Rats (male, 300 g,
n=59) were randomly assigned to undergo either WBH or no treatment 8 h
ours before standard carotid balloon injury. At 14 (n=26) and 90 (n=21
) days after balloon injury, histomorphometric analysis revealed a sig
nificant limitation of intimal accumulation ill preconditioned arterie
s as compared to controls (intimal/medial area ratios+/-SEM: 14 days.
0.57+/-0.07 versus 0.86+/-0.08, P=0.01; 90 days, 0.78+/-0.12 versus 1.
19+/-0.14, P<0.05). The menial cell proliferation index at 4 days (n=1
2) was significantly reduced in the treated group as well (3.6+/-0.9%
versus 7.2+/-1.3%, P<0.05). Conversely, the mean total cell number in
the media of heated arteries was higher (393+/-20 venus 328+/-17, P<0.
05). Vascular preconditioning with brief WBH induces a heat shock resp
onse in the arterial wall that is associated with a significant and su
stained reduction in intimal accumulation. This effect appears to be d
ue in part to preservation of medial cell integrity and limitation of
the proliferative response. These results suggest that thermal precond
itioning of vascular tissue may be an effective strategy to improve lo
ng-term results after revascularization procedures.