BIOGRAPHY AND ILLNESS - SOCIAL EVENTS AND CONFLICTING SOCIALIZATION IN PATIENTS WITH PSYCHOSOMATIC DISEASES

Citation
H. Motzkau et G. Rudolf, BIOGRAPHY AND ILLNESS - SOCIAL EVENTS AND CONFLICTING SOCIALIZATION IN PATIENTS WITH PSYCHOSOMATIC DISEASES, Kolner Zeitschrift fur Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie, 49(4), 1997, pp. 674
Citations number
58
Language
TEDESCO
art.tipo
Article
ISSN journal
0023-2653
Volume
49
Issue
4
Year of publication
1997
Database
ISI
SICI code
0023-2653(1997)49:4<674:BAI-SE>2.0.ZU;2-6
Abstract
The influence of social events as well as forms of family interaction and socialization during childhood are discussed for patients with psy chic or psychosomatic symptoms. Using a cluster analysis on a clinical population of 400 patients, it could be demonstrated that besides soc ial events, which are frequently recognized as having a burdening effe ct, problematic forms of interaction as part of socialization during c hildhood cah also further a tendency towards illness in adulthood. The results demonstrate gender-related differences with regard to both th e form as well as the accumulation of biographical burdens on the one hand and symptoms on the other. For women social burdens dominate wher eas for men the emphasis may be found in patterns of interaction. On t he symptomatic level, a tendency towards somatization and disturbances in relationships may be found for women; for men an extreme orientati on towards social values to stabilize the self and low social integrat ion could be demonstrated. The cluster analysis further supports the h ypothesis that with an increase in burdening biographic experiences du ring childhood the severity of individual symptoms - especially neurot ic symptoms - is rising.