PREVENTION AND MANAGEMENT OF INFECTION AFTER TOTAL JOINT REPLACEMENT

Authors
Citation
Wj. Gillespie, PREVENTION AND MANAGEMENT OF INFECTION AFTER TOTAL JOINT REPLACEMENT, Clinical infectious diseases, 25(6), 1997, pp. 1310-1317
Citations number
114
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
ISSN journal
1058-4838
Volume
25
Issue
6
Year of publication
1997
Pages
1310 - 1317
Database
ISI
SICI code
1058-4838(1997)25:6<1310:PAMOIA>2.0.ZU;2-S
Abstract
Prophylactic antimicrobial regimens providing adequate drug levels in tissue during surgery and for periods of 24 hours to 14 days are of pr oven effectiveness in reducing infection rates after joint arthroplast y. Although most surgeons employ short regimens of <24 hours' duration , their efficacy has not been clearly established for joint replacemen t in placebo-controlled trials. Careful preparation of the patient bef ore surgery and attention to operating room asepsis are also important . In early postoperative infections, surgical debridement and antibiot ic treatment may allow conservation of the prosthetic components. In e stablished infection in which the components have become loose, radica l surgical debridement must include removal of all prosthetic material as well as involved bone and soft tissue; reconstruction by exchange arthroplasty has an acceptable success rate. For infections caused by organisms of low virulence, exchange arthroplasty has been successful as a one-stage procedure, but no comparative trial with two-stage exch ange has yet been reported.