MINIMAL CHANGE NEPHROPATHY PRESENTING IN A PATIENT WITH PRIMARY SCLEROSING CHOLANGITIS

Citation
M. Fracchia et al., MINIMAL CHANGE NEPHROPATHY PRESENTING IN A PATIENT WITH PRIMARY SCLEROSING CHOLANGITIS, The Italian Journal of Gastroenterology, 29(3), 1997, pp. 267-269
Citations number
13
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Gastroenterology & Hepatology
ISSN journal
0392-0623
Volume
29
Issue
3
Year of publication
1997
Pages
267 - 269
Database
ISI
SICI code
0392-0623(1997)29:3<267:MCNPIA>2.0.ZU;2-F
Abstract
The association of primary sclerosing cholangitis and renal disease is not frequent, and is limited to a few reported cases of immune comple x glomerulonephritis. We report the case of a 34-year-old patient with sclerosing cholangitis diagnosed 5 years earlier with well preserved liver function and no clinical manifestations of cholestasis, who deve loped minimal change nephropathy. During the nephrotic phase of the di sease, the peripheral blood lymphocyte count was normal, with a relati ve increase in percent CD4+ and an increase in the CD4+:CD8+ ratio. CD 4+ cells showed immunoactivation. The HLA-DR expression on T-cells was 59%, and 16.5% of CD3+ cells were CD25+. A course of prednisone thera py induced long-lasting remission of the nephrotic syndrome. Periphera l blood lymphocyte count and subtyping were normal 7 months after pred nisone withdrawal. We conclude that primary sclerosing cholangitis can be associated with minimal change nephropathy; underlying cell-mediat ed immunity may be the common pathogenic mechanism.