Changes of liver-enriched nuclear transcription factors for albumin gene in starvation in rats

Citation
A. Ogawa et al., Changes of liver-enriched nuclear transcription factors for albumin gene in starvation in rats, NUTRITION, 15(3), 1999, pp. 213-216
Citations number
21
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Endocrinology, Nutrition & Metabolism
Journal title
NUTRITION
ISSN journal
0899-9007 → ACNP
Volume
15
Issue
3
Year of publication
1999
Pages
213 - 216
Database
ISI
SICI code
0899-9007(199903)15:3<213:COLNTF>2.0.ZU;2-1
Abstract
The regulatory mechanism of albumin gene transcription was examined using m ale Donryu rats (7 wk old) starved for 1 or 3 d. At the designated times, t he rats were sacrificed to harvest the liver and to measure the serum album in level. Neither the serum albumin nor the albumin messenger RNA (mRNA) le vel showed a significant change for these starvation periods. Among nuclear factors binding to the D site of albumin gene promoter, the CCAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha (C/EBP alpha) mRNA level showed a decrease and the D site binding protein (DBP) mRNA level tended to decrease after 3 d of star vation. In contrast, the C/EBP beta mRNA level showed a significant increas e at day 1. As a B site binding nuclear factor, the hepatocyte nuclear fact or 1 (HNF-1) mRNA level significantly increased at day 1. Gel mobility-shif t analysis combined with Western immunoblotting confirmed the presence of D site binding proteins composed of DBP and C/EBP alpha and beta in both gro ups subjected to oral feeding and to 3-d starvation, though quantitative an alysis could not be done. In conclusion, the nuclear transcription factors binding to the albumin gene promoter undergo regulatory changes during 3 d of starvation, whereas there is no significant decrease in the albumin mRNA level. Nutrition 1999;15:213-216. (C)Elsevier Science Inc. 1999.