Hyperventilation after tourniquet deflation prevents an increase in cerebral blood flow velocity

Citation
Y. Kadoi et al., Hyperventilation after tourniquet deflation prevents an increase in cerebral blood flow velocity, CAN J ANAES, 46(3), 1999, pp. 259-264
Citations number
10
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Aneshtesia & Intensive Care","Medical Research Diagnosis & Treatment
Journal title
CANADIAN JOURNAL OF ANAESTHESIA-JOURNAL CANADIEN D ANESTHESIE
ISSN journal
0832-610X → ACNP
Volume
46
Issue
3
Year of publication
1999
Pages
259 - 264
Database
ISI
SICI code
0832-610X(199903)46:3<259:HATDPA>2.0.ZU;2-N
Abstract
Purpose: In this study we examined whether normocapnia maintained by hyperv entilation after lower limb tourniquet deflation prevents an increase in ce rebral blood flow velocity, Methods: Thirteen patients, undergoing elective orthopedic surgery, requiri ng a pneumatic tourniquet around the lower extremity, were divided into two groups. In group 1, ventilation was controlled at tidal volume of 10 mL.kg (-1) and respiratory rate of eight per minute after tourniquet release. In group 2, ventilation was controlled to maintain PETCO2 between 30 and 35 mm Hg after tourniquet release. Arterial blood pressure, heart rate, peak and mean middle cerebral artery (MCA) flow velocity, and arterial blood gas wer e measured every minute for ten minutes after tourniquet release. The MCA b lood flow velocity was measured using Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (TCD), Results: In group 1,the maximum peak MCA flow velocity was 53 +/- 6 cm sec( -1) (50% +/- 6% increase compared with pre-release value), and achieved 3 /- 0.4 min after tourniquet release. In group 2, there was no increase eith er in mean or peak MCA velocity after tourniquet release. Conclusions: Normocapnia maintained by hyperventilation after tourniquet de flation prevents an increase in cerebral blood flow velocity.