Development of a fast gaseous detector: 'Micromegas'

Citation
G. Barouch et al., Development of a fast gaseous detector: 'Micromegas', NUCL INST A, 423(1), 1999, pp. 32-48
Citations number
8
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Spectroscopy /Instrumentation/Analytical Sciences","Instrumentation & Measurement
Journal title
NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH SECTION A-ACCELERATORS SPECTROMETERS DETECTORS AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT
ISSN journal
0168-9002 → ACNP
Volume
423
Issue
1
Year of publication
1999
Pages
32 - 48
Database
ISI
SICI code
0168-9002(19990221)423:1<32:DOAFGD>2.0.ZU;2-P
Abstract
Several 15 x 15 cm(2) gaseous Micromegas chambers (MICROMEsh GAseous Struct ure) which consist of a conversion gap and an amplification gap separated b y a thin grid have been extensively tested in low-intensity 10 GeV/c pion b eam and high-intensity (up to 5 x 10(5) Hz/mm(2)) 100 GeV/c muon beam. The detector behaviour has been studied with respect to many parameters: conver sion gays of 1 and 3 mm, amplification gaps of 50 and 10 mu m, an external magnetic field and many different filling gases. So far no effect of the ma gnetic field up to 1.3 T has been observed. The gas mixture argon + cyclohe xane appears to be very suitable with gains above 105 and a full-efficiency plateau of 50 V at 340 V. With a conversion gap as small as 1 mm and an el ectronics with a threshold at 5000 electrons the efficiency reaches 96%. Wi th the addition of CF, a time resolution of 5 ns (RMS) has been obtained. A spatial resolution better than 60 mu m has been observed with anode strips of 317 mu m pitch and was explained by transverse diffusion in the gas. Si mulations show that with a pitch of 100 mu m and the appropriate gas a reso lution of 10 mu m is within reach. This development leads to a new generati on of cheap position-sensitive detectors which would permit high-precision tracking or vertexing close to the interaction region, in very high-rate en vironments. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.