Charge transfer chemistry of benzo[2,1-c : 3,4-c ']bis(1,2,3-dithiazole) (BT). Preparation and structural characterization of [BT][ClO4] and [BT](3)[X](2) (X = ClO4- and FSO3-)

Citation
Tm. Barclay et al., Charge transfer chemistry of benzo[2,1-c : 3,4-c ']bis(1,2,3-dithiazole) (BT). Preparation and structural characterization of [BT][ClO4] and [BT](3)[X](2) (X = ClO4- and FSO3-), CHEM MATER, 11(1), 1999, pp. 164-169
Citations number
33
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Apllied Physucs/Condensed Matter/Materiales Science","Material Science & Engineering
Journal title
CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS
ISSN journal
0897-4756 → ACNP
Volume
11
Issue
1
Year of publication
1999
Pages
164 - 169
Database
ISI
SICI code
0897-4756(199901)11:1<164:CTCOB:>2.0.ZU;2-I
Abstract
The heterocyclic pi-donor benzo[2,1-c:3,4-c']bis(1,2,3-dithiazole) (BT) can be prepared in 60% yield by the condensation of 1,4-diaminobenzene-2,3-dit hiol with sulfur monochloride. BT is also formed, in low yield, along with its 5-chloro and 5,6-dichloro derivatives, in the reaction of p-phenylenedi amine with sulfur monochloride. Cyclic voltammetry on BT reveals two revers ible oxidation waves at 0.61 and 1.10 V (in CH3CN, ref SCE). The ESR signal (g = 2.0175) of the radical cation BT+ [in SO2(1)] exhibits a 1:2:3:2:1 hy perfine structure with a(N) = 0.161 mT. BT forms radical ion salts by elect ro-oxidation in the presence of inorganic counterions. In addition to a 1:1 salt [BT][ClO4], the structure of which consists of a simple ionic arrange ment of BT+ radical cations and ClO4- anions, BT also forms 3:2 salts, i.e. , [BT](3)[X](2), with X = ClO4- and FSO3-. The crystal structures of these 3:2 salts consist of triple-decker units of radical cation dimers, i.e., [B T2](2+), and neutral BT molecules. These units are packed into ribbonlike a rrays interspersed (to either side) by counterions. The ClO4- and FSO3- sal ts differ in the way these ribbons are layered on top of one another. Both can be considered as forming slipped pi-stacks, but the degree of offset be tween consecutive layers is considerably larger in the ClO4- salt. The room -temperature conductivity of [BT][ClO4] is ca. 10(-5) S cm(-1), while that of the two 3:2 salts is ca. 10(-2) S cm(-1).