Sociodemographic and nutritional determinants of obesity in Belgium

Citation
Mc. Stam-moraga et al., Sociodemographic and nutritional determinants of obesity in Belgium, INT J OBES, 23, 1999, pp. 1-9
Citations number
59
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Endocrynology, Metabolism & Nutrition","Endocrinology, Nutrition & Metabolism
Journal title
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OBESITY
ISSN journal
0307-0565 → ACNP
Volume
23
Year of publication
1999
Supplement
1
Pages
1 - 9
Database
ISI
SICI code
0307-0565(199902)23:<1:SANDOO>2.0.ZU;2-0
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between sociodemographic, dietary factor s and physical activity and the prevalence of obesity in the Belgian genera l population. DESIGN: Base-line data from the Belgian Interuniversity Research on Nutriti on and Health (BIRNH) study (1979-1984). SUBJECTS: A total of 5837 men and 5243 women aged 25-74y were included in t he analysis. The sample was considered representative of the Belgian popula tion. MEASUREMENTS: Using the body mass index (BMI) as the criterion, obesity was defined as a BMI greater than or equal to 30 kg/m(2). Nutritional data wer e assessed by a 24 h food record. Physical activity level (PAL) was calcula ted by dividing total caloric intake by an estimation of basal metabolic ra te (BMR, predicted from gender, weight and age). Age-adjusted odds ratios ( OR) of the prevalence of obesity were estimated by multilogistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Prevalence of obesity was 12.1% in men and 18.4% in wom en. In both sexes, prevalence of obesity increased gradually in each 10-yea r age category (P < 0.0001) and steeply decreased with level of education. Comparing lowest (Q1) to highest quartile (Q4), after adjustment for age, p revalence of obesity decreased with total carbohydrate intake, as well as t otal sugar intake in both sexes, and increased with total fat intake only i n men. Obesity increased with a high fat to sugar ratio (men: ORQ4/Q1 = 1.5 6; confidence interval (CI): 1.25-1.93; women: ORQ4/Q1 = 1.45; CI: 1.17-1.8 0). PAL was inversely and very strongly associated with obesity (men: ORQ4/ Q1 = 0.20; CI: 0.15 - 0.26; women: ORQ4/Q1 = 0.18; CI: 0.14 - 0.23). The sa me associations were observed with the mean BMI. CONCLUSION: This study indicates that prevalence of obesity is particularly high in Belgium. Low level of education and reduced physical activity, inc reased fat intake and especially elevated fat to sugar ratio appear to be p owerful determinants of obesity in this Belgian population.