Role of androgens in mediating hypertension and renal injury

Citation
Jf. Reckelhoff et Jp. Granger, Role of androgens in mediating hypertension and renal injury, CLIN EXP PH, 26(2), 1999, pp. 127-131
Citations number
46
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Pharmacology & Toxicology
Journal title
CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL PHARMACOLOGY AND PHYSIOLOGY
ISSN journal
0305-1870 → ACNP
Volume
26
Issue
2
Year of publication
1999
Pages
127 - 131
Database
ISI
SICI code
0305-1870(199902)26:2<127:ROAIMH>2.0.ZU;2-8
Abstract
1, Men are generally at greater risk for cardiovascular disease than are wo men, particularly with regard to enhanced progression of hypertension and l oss of renal function. Despite these gender differences in the progression of hypertension and renal disease in humans and animals, the mechanisms res ponsible are unknown. 2. Castration in males has been shown to slow the progression of hypertensi on and ameliorate the loss in renal function. When serum testosterone was m easured in the developing male spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR), the pe ak serum testosterone level at 12 weeks coincided with the time when differ ences in systolic blood pressure could be measured between intact male SHR and females or castrated male SHR. Ovariectomy does not affect blood pressu re in female SHR but testosterone treatment of ovariectomized females for 5 weeks results in exacerbation of hypertension almost to the level found in intact male SHR. These data strongly suggest a role for androgens in media ting the gender differences in hypertension. 3. The mechanisms by which androgens could increase blood pressure are not known. We have recently shown that, at comparable renal perfusion pressures , there is a hypertensive shift in the pressure-natriuresis relationship in male SHR compared with females or castrated male SHR, Testosterone treatme nt of ovariectomized female SHR also causes a rightward shift in the pressu re-natriuresis relationship. 4. We hypothesize that androgens increase arterial pressure by causing a hy pertensive shift in the pressure-natriuresis relationship, either by having a direct effect to increase proximal tubular reabsorption or by activation of the renin-angiotensin system. We also hypothesize that the enhanced pro ximal tubular reabsorption leads to a tubuloglomerular feedback-mediated af ferent vasodilation, which, in combination with the increase in arterial pr essure, results in glomerular hypertension and renal injury.