Stability and DNA binding of the Phd protein of the phage P1 plasmid addiction system

Citation
E. Gazit et Rt. Sauer, Stability and DNA binding of the Phd protein of the phage P1 plasmid addiction system, J BIOL CHEM, 274(5), 1999, pp. 2652-2657
Citations number
26
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Biochemistry & Biophysics
Journal title
JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY
ISSN journal
0021-9258 → ACNP
Volume
274
Issue
5
Year of publication
1999
Pages
2652 - 2657
Database
ISI
SICI code
0021-9258(19990129)274:5<2652:SADBOT>2.0.ZU;2-V
Abstract
The plasmid addiction module of bacteriophage P1 encodes two proteins, Dec, a toxin that is stable to proteolytic degradation, and Phd, the toxin's an tidote that is proteolytically unstable. Phd has been shown to autoregulate its expression by specific DNA binding. Here, we investigate the secondary structure and thermal stability of Phd, the effect of operator DNA binding on the structure and stability of Phd, and the stoichiometry, affinity, an d cooperativity of Phd binding to operator subsites and intact operator DNA , Phd folds as a monomer at low temperatures or in the presence of osmolyte s but exists predominantly in an unfolded conformation at 37 degrees C. The native state of Phd is stabilized by operator binding. Two Phd monomers bi nd to each operator subsite, and four monomers bind to the intact operator, The subsite binding reaction shows a second-order dependence on protein co ncentration and monomer-bound DNA species are unpopulated, suggesting that two Phd molecules bind cooperatively to each operator subsite. In intact op erator binding experiments, both dimer-bound and tetramer-bound DNA species are populated, and binding occurs at protein concentrations similar to tho se required for subsite binding, suggesting that there is no significant di mer-dimer cooperativity.