Chiral discrimination of Dns- and unmodified D,L-amino acids by copper(II)complexes of terdentate ligands in high-performance liquid chromatography

Citation
G. Galaverna et al., Chiral discrimination of Dns- and unmodified D,L-amino acids by copper(II)complexes of terdentate ligands in high-performance liquid chromatography, J CHROMAT A, 829(1-2), 1998, pp. 101-113
Citations number
38
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Chemistry & Analysis","Spectroscopy /Instrumentation/Analytical Sciences
Journal title
JOURNAL OF CHROMATOGRAPHY A
ISSN journal
0021-9673 → ACNP
Volume
829
Issue
1-2
Year of publication
1998
Pages
101 - 113
Database
ISI
SICI code
0021-9673(199812)829:1-2<101:CDODAU>2.0.ZU;2-M
Abstract
The enantiomeric separation of unmodified D,L-amino acids and Dns-amino aci ds in RP-HPLC by copper(II) complexes of terdentate diaminoamido ligands ad ded to the eluent has been studied. The work is aimed at investigating whet her a copper(II) complex with only one free equatorial position can still p erform chiral discrimination of bidentate analytes such as unmodified and D ns-amino acids. The problem is approached by determining the nature and the stability of the initial copper(II) binary complexes and of the ternary co mplexes with amino acids in solution by potentiometry. Different chromatogr aphic parameters were examined (pH, selector concentration, ionic strength, eluent polarity). All experimental data are consistent with a mechanism of chiral discrimination involving formation of diastereomeric complexes in w hich the amino acid coordinates at the free equatorial position and at the apical position of the initial complex which maintains its original chelate rings. It may still be considered a ligand exchange, implying that coordin ated water molecules have been substituted by the analyte. The poor perform ance of the tricoordinated copper(II) complexes in the chiral discriminatio n of unmodified amino acids can be ascribed to the low stability of the mix ed complexes and to their loose sterical requirements. With Dns-amino acids the most important feature seems to be the higher/lower affinity (match/mi smatch) of the enantiomers for the selector adsorbed on the stationary phas e. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.