Neonatal outcome after birth asphyxia: early indicators of prognosis

Citation
Jl. Wayenberg et al., Neonatal outcome after birth asphyxia: early indicators of prognosis, PRENAT N M, 3(5), 1998, pp. 482-489
Citations number
29
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Reproductive Medicine
Journal title
PRENATAL AND NEONATAL MEDICINE
ISSN journal
1359-8635 → ACNP
Volume
3
Issue
5
Year of publication
1998
Pages
482 - 489
Database
ISI
SICI code
1359-8635(199810)3:5<482:NOABAE>2.0.ZU;2-B
Abstract
As neuroprotection may become reality, this prospective study was conducted in order to identify, during the first hour of life, the term neonates who experience severe birth asphyxia. Methods We studied patients born at term with birth asphyxia defined by at least two of the following criteria: fetal distress, depression at birth an d metabolic acidosis (arterial base deficit > 10 mEq/l at 30 min of life). Nine indicators were prospectively recorded: fetal monitoring, aspect of am niotic fluid, delay in establishing respiration, Apgar scores, early neurol ogical score, arterial pH and base deficit at 30 min (BD30). We followed th e evolution of each patient according to Finer's classification and defined severe birth asphyxia as birth asphyxia further followed by moderate or se vere postasphyxial encephalopathy. Using multilogistic regression, we analy zed the significance of the indicators in order to identify neonates with s evere birth asphyxia. Results Among the 221 patients included in the study, severe birth asphyxia occurred in 50 (42 moderate and eight severe post-asphyxial encephalopathy ). Except for fetal monitoring and amniotic fluid, all indicators were sign ificantly different between neonates with severe birth asphyxia and the oth ers. Multilogistic analysis identified BD30 and early neurological score as better predictors of severe birth asphyxia than Apgar scores and delay in establishing respiration. BD30 and early neurological score were associated in a single logistic model (logistic score = 0.33 x BD30 - 1.06 x early ne urological score). A logistic score greater than -0.33 identified severe bi rth asphyxia with both sensitivity and specificity of more than 80%. Conclusion The association of high base deficit and low neurological status at 30 min of life is predictive of moderate to severe neurological complic ations after birth asphyxia and may serve to select the high-risk candidate s for future treatment of birth asphyxia.