Effect of parenteral and enteral nutrition on hepatic albumin synthesis inrats

T. Tsujinaka et al., Effect of parenteral and enteral nutrition on hepatic albumin synthesis inrats, NUTRITION, 15(1), 1999, pp. 18-22
Citations number
Categorie Soggetti
Endocrinology, Nutrition & Metabolism
Journal title
ISSN journal
0899-9007 → ACNP
Year of publication
18 - 22
SICI code
The route of nutrient delivery may alter the production of albumin and indu ce changes at the molecular Level. Donryu rats (n = 75) were divided into t he following three groups. The oral Feeding (OR) group received a non-purif ied solid diet Id libitum, the parenteral nutrition (PN) group received a t otal parenteral nutrition (TPN) solution intravenously, and the enteral nut rition (EN) group received intragastric infusions of the TPN solution for 7 d. Serum albumin and glucocorticoid levels were measured and messenger RNA (mRNA) levels of albumin and hepatic specific transcription factors in the liver were analyzed. Serum albumin and albumin mRNA levels in the PN group became significantly decreased compared to those in the OR group, whereas the EN group did not show a significant difference compared to the OR group , mRNA levels of DBP, D-site binding transcription factor for the albumin g ene, showed a circadian rhythm in the OR and EN groups, but not in the PN g roup, as indicated by a DBP mRNA level at 2200 h in the PN group that was s ignificantly lower than that in the OR group, mRNA levels of C/EBP alpha, C CAAT-enhancer binding protein alpha, were highest in the OR group and lowes t in thr PN group. In contrastl mRNA levels of C/EBP beta were highest in t he PN group and lowest in the OR group. Serum glucocorticoid level showed a circadian rhythm in the OR group, highest at 2200 h and lowest at 1000 h, whereas such a rhythm was not found in either the PN or the EN group. Album in synthesis was down-regulated in PN in association with changes in transc ription factors. A loss of circadian rhythm reflected in changes of DBP mRN A and serum glucocorticoid level may play a role. Down-regulation of albumi n was improved by enteral feeding, indicating that EN is more advantageous for albumin synthesis than PN. Nutrition 1999;15:18-22. (C) Elsevier Scienc e Inc. 1999.