Nonlinear emission and recombination in conjugated polymer waveguides

Citation
A. Haugeneder et al., Nonlinear emission and recombination in conjugated polymer waveguides, J APPL PHYS, 85(2), 1999, pp. 1124-1130
Citations number
34
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Apllied Physucs/Condensed Matter/Materiales Science
Journal title
JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS
ISSN journal
0021-8979 → ACNP
Volume
85
Issue
2
Year of publication
1999
Pages
1124 - 1130
Database
ISI
SICI code
0021-8979(19990115)85:2<1124:NEARIC>2.0.ZU;2-A
Abstract
The emission dynamics in photoexcited planar conjugated polymer waveguides is investigated at high excitation densities. Using femtosecond pump/probe experiments and photoluminescence spectroscopy we investigate the interplay of nonlinear radiative and nonradiative recombination processes. Amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) leads to an ultrafast depletion of the excited state at excitation densities above 10(18) cm(-3) in an ladder-type poly(p- phenylene) film deposited on a glass substrate. Owing to the different wave guide structure ASE is not observed for the same polymer deposited on an in dium-tin-oxide (ITO)-coated substrate. Instead, we observe nonradiative bim olecular annihilation with a coefficient gamma = 4.2 X 10(-9) cm(3) s(-1). Our results demonstrate that even in the absence of a resonator collective stimulated emission can be much more efficient than nonradiative recombinat ion. A mandatory prerequisite, however, is a suitable waveguide design. The use of ITO as a hole-injecting contact is problematic due to its high refr active index and its relatively high losses. (C) 1999 American Institute of Physics. [S0021-8979(99)09101-X].