Effects of major alloying additions on the microstructure and mechanical properties of gamma-TiAl

Citation
Tt. Cheng et al., Effects of major alloying additions on the microstructure and mechanical properties of gamma-TiAl, INTERMETALL, 7(1), 1999, pp. 89-99
Citations number
8
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Apllied Physucs/Condensed Matter/Materiales Science","Material Science & Engineering
Journal title
INTERMETALLICS
ISSN journal
0966-9795 → ACNP
Volume
7
Issue
1
Year of publication
1999
Pages
89 - 99
Database
ISI
SICI code
0966-9795(199901)7:1<89:EOMAAO>2.0.ZU;2-7
Abstract
The microstructure and mechanical properties of eight gamma-TiAl based allo ys with compositions in the range Ti-44Al-8(Nb,Ta,Zr,Hf)-(0-0.2)Si-(0-1)B h ave been investigated to assess the possibility of improving the properties of gamma-TiAl through heavy alloying. It has been shown that the microstru ctures of these alloys can be significantly different from those of the bin ary or 48-2-2 type alloys as a result of differences in the phase equilibri a. As expected with large additions of beta stabilisers such as Nb, Zr and Ta, the beta phase was stabilised to much lower temperatures than that in t he Ti-44Al binary ahoy. In some of the alloys the omega phase, which is a t ransformed product of the beta phase, is stable at room temperature and up to >900 degrees C. In alloys which contain both beta- and gamma- stabiliser s, there is no single alpha phase held in the transformation sequence and i nstead there is a (alpha + beta + gamma) three phase regime. The mechanical data obtained from these alloys indicate that heavy alloying can be used t o increase the strength and creep resistance of gamma-TiAl significantly al though ductility generally remains poor. The addition of boron appears to b e beneficial in that both strength and ductility are improved, particularly for materials with the duplex microstructure. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science Lt d. All rights reserved.