Inhibition of AP-1 and NF-kappa B by manganese-containing superoxide dismutase in human breast cancer cells

Citation
Jj. Li et al., Inhibition of AP-1 and NF-kappa B by manganese-containing superoxide dismutase in human breast cancer cells, FASEB J, 12(15), 1998, pp. 1713-1723
Citations number
67
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Experimental Biology
Journal title
FASEB JOURNAL
ISSN journal
0892-6638 → ACNP
Volume
12
Issue
15
Year of publication
1998
Pages
1713 - 1723
Database
ISI
SICI code
0892-6638(199812)12:15<1713:IOAANB>2.0.ZU;2-P
Abstract
One of the primary antioxidant enzymes, manganese-containing superoxide dis mutase (MnSOD), has shown the ability to reverse malignant phenotypes in a variety of human tumor cells that are low or absent in MnSOD expression. We have observed that overexpression of human MnSOD in human breast cancer MC F-7 cells inhibits tumor growth both in vitro and in vivo. The signaling pa thway underlying the MnSOD induced tumor suppression is unknown. We demonst rate here that transcriptional and DNA binding ability of AP-1 and NF-kappa B, but not SP-1, were inhibited (by 50%) in the MCF-7 cell line overexpres sing MnSOD, When transiently expressing, MnSOD inhibited AP-I but increased NF-kappa B transactivation, which can be abolished by sodium pyruvate, a h ydrogen peroxide scavenger. To analyze the target genes responsible for MnS OD-induced tumor suppression, genes related to tumor growth and responsive to AP-1 or NF-kappa B were analyzed. AP-1 responsive collagenase I, stromel ysin I, and NF-kappa B responsive IL-1 and IL-6 were down-regulated in the MnSOD stable transfectants compared to the control cell lines. Since TPA in duces differentiation in human breast cancer cells and up-regulates MnSOD g ene in HeLa cells, MnSOD expression and AP-1 and NF-kappa B activity were m easured under TPA treatment. The results showed that TPA induced endogenous MnSOD expression and inhibited both AP-1 and NF-kappa B, Together, these r esults suggest that tumor suppression by overexpressing MnSOD is related to a modulation of AP-1 and NF-kappa B, which causes a downregulation of gene s responsible for tumor malignant phenotype.