A randomized trial of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (Neupogen) starting day 1 vs day 7 post-autologous stem cell transplantation

Citation
I. Bence-bruckler et al., A randomized trial of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (Neupogen) starting day 1 vs day 7 post-autologous stem cell transplantation, BONE MAR TR, 22(10), 1998, pp. 965-969
Citations number
19
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Hematology,"Medical Research Diagnosis & Treatment
Journal title
BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION
ISSN journal
0268-3369 → ACNP
Volume
22
Issue
10
Year of publication
1998
Pages
965 - 969
Database
ISI
SICI code
0268-3369(199811)22:10<965:ARTOGC>2.0.ZU;2-O
Abstract
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effect of delayed granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) use on hematopoietic recovery post-autolo gous peripheral blood progenitor cell (PBPC) transplantation. Patients were randomized to begin G-CSF on day +1 or day +7 post transplantation. Thirty -seven patients with lymphoma or myeloma undergoing high-dose therapy and a utologous PBPC rescue were randomized to daily subcutaneous G-CSF beginning on day +1 or day +7 post-transplant. Patients less than or equal to 70 kg received 300 mu g/day and >70 kg 480 mu g/day. All patients were reinfused with PBPCs with a CD34(+) cell count >2.0 x 10(6)/kg, Baseline characterist ics of age, sex and CD34(+) cell count were similar between the two arms, t he median CD34(+) cell count being 5.87 x 10(6)/kg in the day +1 group and 7.70 x 10(6)/kg in the day +7 group (P = 0.7), The median time to reach a n eutrophil count of >0.5 x 10(9)/I was 9 days in the day +1 arm and 10 days in the day +7 arm, a difference which was not statistically significant (P = 0.68), Similarly, there was no difference in median days to platelet reco very >20 000 x 10(9)/I, which was 10 days in the day +1 arm and 11 days in the day +7 arm (P = 0.83), There was also no significant difference in the median duration of febrile neutropenia (4 vs 6 days; P=0.7), intravenous an tibiotic use (7 vs 8 days; P=0.54) or median number of red blood cell trans fusions (4 vs 7 units; P = 0.82) between the two arms. Median length of hos pital stay was 11 days post-PBPC reinfusion in both groups. The median numb er of G-CSF injections used was 8 in the day +1 group and 3 in the day +7 g roup (P < 0.0001), There is no significant difference in time to neutrophil or platelet recovery when G-CSF is initiated on day +7 compared to day +1 post-autologous PBPC transplantation, There is also no difference in number of febrile neutropenic or antibiotic days, number of red blood cell transf usions or length of hospital stay. The number of doses of G-CSF used per tr ansplant is significantly reduced with delayed initiation, resulting in a s ignificant reduction in drug costs. For patients with an adequately mobiliz ed PBPC graft, the initiation of G-CSF can be delayed until day +7 post-PBP C reinfusion.