H. Akazawa et al., CONGENITAL MUSCULAR TORTICOLLIS - LONG-TERM FOLLOW-UP OF 38 PARTIAL RESECTIONS OF THE STERNOCLEIDOMASTOID MUSCLE, Archives of orthopaedic and trauma surgery, 112(5), 1993, pp. 205-209
Thirty-eight patients with muscular torticollis were treated by a part
ial resection of the sternocleidomastoid muscle between 1970 and 1981.
Clinical evaluations were performed on 35 of these patients who were
followed up for 10 years (average of 11.3 years). Of 31 patients under
5 years of age at operation, good results according to Canale's crite
ria were obtained in 28 (90%). In four patients aged 6 years or more a
t operation, three showed good results. Postoperatively, massive cotto
n bandaging was applied with the neck in the neutral position for 3 we
eks. A plaster cast, brace, or physiotherapy involving active motion t
raining was not necessary.