CHECKLIST OF THE BIRDS OF GERMANY

Authors
Citation
Ph. Barthel, CHECKLIST OF THE BIRDS OF GERMANY, Journal fur Ornithologie, 134(2), 1993, pp. 113-135
Citations number
16
Language
TEDESCO
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Ornithology
Journal title
ISSN journal
0021-8375
Volume
134
Issue
2
Year of publication
1993
Pages
113 - 135
Database
ISI
SICI code
0021-8375(1993)134:2<113:COTBOG>2.0.ZU;2-Y
Abstract
This checklist of the birds of Germany gives German and scientific nam es and short information on the recent status of each species as of 1. 1. 1993. It's intended to serve as reference for systematic sequence, nomenclature and occurrence. Since 1800 470 bird species have been re corded within the present boundaries of Germany (categories A, A0, B, BD and C in column 1) and were accepted by the German Rarities Committ ee. Those 415 species reliably recorded in an apparently wild state si nce 1950 are included in category A (A0 if no photographic or specimen documentation available), 32 species recorded only before 1950 in an apparently wild state in category B. 17 species regarded as genuine va grants in Germany only prior to 1950, but as escapes thereafter, were included in category BD. Six species in category C are introduced. In addition, a minimum of 46 species have been recorded as certain or mos t likely escapes from captivity (category D; not part of the German li st and therefore in an appendix!); some of these have bred in the wild in Germany, others are considered genuine vagrants in other European countries. 273 species of categories A-C have bred in Germany since 18 00, but only 238 species are part of the current breeding avifauna (st atus 2-4 in column 2). Of these, six species are not indigenous to the country, but have been introduced or established feral, apparently se lf-sustaining breeding populations (category C). Column 3 gives the st atus outside the breeding season as residents (J), winter visitors (W) , mig nts (Z; z for scarce passage migrants with less than 100 individ uals per year). 55 species are regular non-breeding visitors or transi ent migrants, 148 have been classified as vagrants with on average les s than five records per year since 1980 (A) or less than fine records in total since 1950 (a). Documentation of future records of species in dicated in column 4 is requested by the German Rarities Committee