RANGE AND MOVEMENTS OF THE ALPINE CHOUGH PYRRHOCORAX-GRACULUS IN RELATION TO HUMAN DEVELOPMENTS IN THE ITALIAN ALPS IN SUMMER

Citation
A. Rolando et Ij. Patterson, RANGE AND MOVEMENTS OF THE ALPINE CHOUGH PYRRHOCORAX-GRACULUS IN RELATION TO HUMAN DEVELOPMENTS IN THE ITALIAN ALPS IN SUMMER, Journal fur Ornithologie, 134(3), 1993, pp. 338-344
Citations number
13
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Note
Categorie Soggetti
Ornithology
Journal title
ISSN journal
0021-8375
Volume
134
Issue
3
Year of publication
1993
Pages
338 - 344
Database
ISI
SICI code
0021-8375(1993)134:3<338:RAMOTA>2.0.ZU;2-S
Abstract
Eight radio-tagged Alpine Choughs were tracked around Cervinia (Aosta, Italy) in summer 1989 and 1990. Range size varied from 7.1 to 16.7 km 2. All of the birds used both alpine meadows and high mountain cliffs but spent on average only 10 % of their foraging time around human dev elopments. Two of the birds in 1989 made regular journeys between mead ows and cliffs, taking on average 15.1 min for the journey, spending 2 4-29 min on the cliffs, 2.9 min on the return crossing and 36-41 min f oraging on meadows with other birds, an average round trip of 73-80 mi n. The birds marked in 1990 visited the cliffs at irregular intervals but the mean times they spent in the two habitats were similar to thos e measured in 1989 (cliffs, 28.2 min, meadows, 47.5 min). Throughout t he study period, the Choughs were largely dependent on alpine meadows, so that any loss or damage to these would be detrimental. Use of an a rea of meadow was reduced in 1990 compared to 1989 following extensive ski development there. The birds obtained very little compensatory be nefits from human developments, at least in July.