STUDY OF WILD-TYPE AND GENETICALLY-MODIFIED REACTION CENTERS FROM RHODOBACTER-CAPSULATUS - STRUCTURAL COMPARISON WITH RHODOPSEUDOMONAS-VIRIDIS AND RHODOBACTER-SPHAEROIDES

Citation
L. Baciou et al., STUDY OF WILD-TYPE AND GENETICALLY-MODIFIED REACTION CENTERS FROM RHODOBACTER-CAPSULATUS - STRUCTURAL COMPARISON WITH RHODOPSEUDOMONAS-VIRIDIS AND RHODOBACTER-SPHAEROIDES, Biophysical journal, 65(2), 1993, pp. 652-660
Citations number
28
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Biophysics
Journal title
ISSN journal
0006-3495
Volume
65
Issue
2
Year of publication
1993
Pages
652 - 660
Database
ISI
SICI code
0006-3495(1993)65:2<652:SOWAGR>2.0.ZU;2-J
Abstract
Reaction centers from the purple bacterium Rhodobacter (Rb.) capsulatu s and from two mutants Thr(L226) --> Ala and Ile(L229) --> Ser, modifi ed in the binding protein pocket of the secondary quinone acceptor (Q( B)), have been studied by flash-induced absorbance spectroscopy. In Th r(L226) --> Ala, the binding affinities for endogenoUS QB (ubiquinone 10) and UQ6 are found to be two to three times as high as in the wild type. In contrast, in Ile(L229) --> Ser, the binding affinity for UQ6 is decreased about three times compared to the wild type. In Thr(L226) --> Ala, a markedly increased sensitivity (approximately 30 times) to o-phenanthroline is observed. In Rhodopseudomonas viridis, where Ala is naturally in position L226, the sensitivity to o-phenanthroline is close to that observed in Thr(L226) --> Ala. We propose that the prese nce of Ala in position L226 is responsible for the high sensitivity to that inhibitor. The pH dependencies of the rate constants of P+Q(B-)( k(BP)) charge recombination kinetics (P is a dimer of bacteriochloroph yll, and Q(B) is the secondary quinone electron acceptor) show destabi lization of Q(B)- in Thr(L226) --> Ala and Ile(L229) --> Ser, compared to the wild type. At low pH, similar apparent pK values of protonatio n of amino acids around Q(B-) are measured in the wild type and the mu tants. In contrast to Rb. sphaeroides, in the wild type Rb. capsulatus , k(BP) substantially increases in the pH range 7-1 0. This may reflec t some differences in the respective structures of both strains or, al ternatively, may be due to deprotonation of Tyr(L215) in Rb. capsulatu s. At pH 7, measurements of the rate constant of Q(A)- to Q(B) electro n transfer reveal a threefold greater rate in the reaction centers fro m wild type Rb. capsulatus (65 +/- 1 0 mus)-1 compared to Rb. sphaeroi des. We suggest that this may arise from a 0.7-angstrom smaller distan ce between the quinones in the former strain. Our spectroscopic data o n the wild type Rb. capsulatus reaction center suggest the existence o f notable differences with the Rb. sphaeroides reaction center structu re.