FERTILITY AND MORTALITY TRENDS IN THE DEVELOPING-WORLD

Authors
Citation
K. Hill, FERTILITY AND MORTALITY TRENDS IN THE DEVELOPING-WORLD, Ambio, 21(1), 1992, pp. 79-83
Citations number
20
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Journal title
AmbioACNP
ISSN journal
0044-7447
Volume
21
Issue
1
Year of publication
1992
Pages
79 - 83
Database
ISI
SICI code
0044-7447(1992)21:1<79:FAMTIT>2.0.ZU;2-Z
Abstract
Fertility and mortality have declined substantially in the developing world over the last 30 years. The pace of the decline in mortality has been fairly constant across regions, but the pace of decline in ferti lity has varied widely, having been fastest in east and southeast Asia and slowest in Africa. With both fertility and mortality declining, t he growth rate of the population of the developing world has remained approximately constant at around 2% per annum over the last thirty yea rs. Both fertility and mortality are expected to continue to decline i n the foreseeable future, but the growth rate is also expected to decl ine to about 1.2% per annum by 2020. On across-national basis, the lev el of fertility is strongly related to the extent of contraceptive use , and there is no doubt that family-planning programs in the developin g world have contributed to the pace of fertility decline over the las t three decades. Evidence is accumulating to support the view that hea lth interventions, particularly child survival programs, have also acc elerated the pace of mortality decline over the last decade.