DEMOGRAPHIC-TRANSITION AND PATTERNS OF NATURAL-RESOURCES USE IN THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA

Citation
Ok. Kim et P. Vandenoever, DEMOGRAPHIC-TRANSITION AND PATTERNS OF NATURAL-RESOURCES USE IN THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA, Ambio, 21(1), 1992, pp. 56-62
Citations number
12
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Journal title
AmbioACNP
ISSN journal
0044-7447
Volume
21
Issue
1
Year of publication
1992
Pages
56 - 62
Database
ISI
SICI code
0044-7447(1992)21:1<56:DAPONU>2.0.ZU;2-D
Abstract
Since 1960, The Republic of Korea has experienced one of the most spec tacular levels of economic development in the world. At the same time, it experienced one of the most rapid demographic transitions from hig h to extremely low levels of fertility and mortality. These changes ha d profound impact on all spheres of the lives of Koreans. The social n orms of extended family relations gave way to nuclear families. The re duction in family size combined with a rise in income led to changes i n the lifestyle and consumption patterns of Koreans. These changes, to gether with rapid industrialization resulted in greater demands on the use of natural resources. As a result, the environmental degradation and, therefore, levels of all kinds of pollution (air, water, and soli d) have emerged. The gains from the slower population growth rates hav e thus been partially offset by these trends. Efforts should be direct ed to inform and educate people about the sustainable use of resources , especially when a range of opportunities becomes available due to a rise in income and reduction in family size.