Differences exist between demographers and economists regarding the re
lationship between population and urban growth; and among economists a
bout the consequences of urbanization in developing countries. Can the
adoption of an ecological perspective help resolve these differences?
This question is explored in the context of Pakistan, the ninth most
populous country in the world and one experiencing a prolonged period
of demographic increase, based on the findings of two national policy
studies undertaken in the early and late 1980s.