PHYLOGENETIC CHARACTERIZATION OF CLOSTRIDIUM RELATED SEGMENTED FILAMENTOUS BACTERIA IN MICE BASED ON 16S RIBOSOMAL-RNA ANALYSIS

Citation
J. Snel et al., PHYLOGENETIC CHARACTERIZATION OF CLOSTRIDIUM RELATED SEGMENTED FILAMENTOUS BACTERIA IN MICE BASED ON 16S RIBOSOMAL-RNA ANALYSIS, Systematic and applied microbiology, 17(2), 1994, pp. 172-179
Citations number
36
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Microbiology,"Biothechnology & Applied Migrobiology
ISSN journal
0723-2020
Volume
17
Issue
2
Year of publication
1994
Pages
172 - 179
Database
ISI
SICI code
0723-2020(1994)17:2<172:PCOCRS>2.0.ZU;2-0
Abstract
The small intestine of many animals is inhabited by non-pathogenic seg mented filamentous bacteria (SFBs). SFBs are strongly attached with a holdfast to intestinal epithelial cells and to cells of Peyer's patche s. In the terminal segments of SFBs, spores are formed. Previously, SF Bs have been mono-associated with germ-free mice. At present, this is the only available method to obtain mono-bacterial cultures of SFBs. T hese symbiotic bacteria cannot be cultures in vitro, and have therefor e never been characterized phylogenetically. Here, we describe for the first time the phylogenetic relationship of SFBs found in mice with o ther bacteria. Total DNA was extracted from SFBs, which were isolated from the ileum of these mono-associated mice. Parts of the gene coding for 16S rRNA, corresponding to positions 27 to 1100 and 27 to 1492 in E. coli 16S rRNA, were amplified by PCR using conserved rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide primers. Cloning, sequencing and successive analysis of the amplified 16S rRNA sequences showed that SFBs form a distinct g roup that is most closely related to Clostridium species. Oligonucleot ide probes were developed and directed against parts of the V2, V6 and V9 variable regions of the SFB 16S rRNA. The specificity of these pro bes was confirmed by southern blot analysis of the PCR-products obtain ed from total SFB DNA extracts, as well as by in situ hybridization ex periments, directly performed on SFB cells in the ileum of mice.