EVALUATION OF THE SYMBIOTIC PROPERTIES OF RHIZOBIUM-FREDII IN EUROPEAN SOILS

Citation
Am. Buendiaclaveria et al., EVALUATION OF THE SYMBIOTIC PROPERTIES OF RHIZOBIUM-FREDII IN EUROPEAN SOILS, Systematic and applied microbiology, 17(2), 1994, pp. 155-160
Citations number
18
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Microbiology,"Biothechnology & Applied Migrobiology
ISSN journal
0723-2020
Volume
17
Issue
2
Year of publication
1994
Pages
155 - 160
Database
ISI
SICI code
0723-2020(1994)17:2<155:EOTSPO>2.0.ZU;2-D
Abstract
The symbiotic properties of different Rhizobium fredii strains were ev aluated in a controlled environment growth chamber, greenhouse, and fi eld conditions. R. fredii strains HH 102-2 and HH 103 showed to be as good soybean inoculants as Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA 110 in three years (1987, 1988 and 1992) of field experiments in Spanish soils. Thu s, it is concluded that these two R. fredii strains are valid soybean inoculants in Spanish soils which, as all European soils, are devoid o f indigenous B. japonicum and R. fredii strains. Competition experimen ts in field conditions (1987) showed that R. fredii strains HH 102-2 a nd HH 103-2 were more competitive than B. japonicum USDA 110-1 to nodu late soybean cv. Williams. Results of competition studies in greenhous e conditions using acid (pH 4.9), neutral (pH 6.6) and alkaline (pH 8. 1) soils showed that in the acid soil B. japonicum strains USDA 110 an d 3-15-b3 totally outcompeted R. fredii strain HH 103 to nodulate on c v. Williams. Conversely, in the alkaline soil the fast-growing strain occupied more than 80% of the nodules. These results indicate that the soil pH could be an important factor in determining the competitive s uccess of R. fredii and B. japonicum for nodulating soybeans.