EXPRESSION OF C-CBL PROTOONCOGENE IS MODULATED DURING DIFFERENTIATIONBUT NOT DURING INDUCTION OF PROLIFERATION

Citation
Jf. Mushinski et al., EXPRESSION OF C-CBL PROTOONCOGENE IS MODULATED DURING DIFFERENTIATIONBUT NOT DURING INDUCTION OF PROLIFERATION, Oncogene, 9(9), 1994, pp. 2489-2497
Citations number
30
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Genetics & Heredity",Oncology
Journal title
ISSN journal
0950-9232
Volume
9
Issue
9
Year of publication
1994
Pages
2489 - 2497
Database
ISI
SICI code
0950-9232(1994)9:9<2489:EOCPIM>2.0.ZU;2-U
Abstract
The proto-oncogene c-cbl is expressed as two mRNAs, ca. 10.5 and 3.1 k b, both of which appear to be functional inasmuch as both can be found on polyribosomes in tissues that express both mRNAs. The function of the 120 kDa c-cbl protein is not known, but its primary structure rese mbles that of a DNA-binding transcription factor with a basic region, a nuclear localization sequence, a zinc finger-like motif and a leucin e zipper. To test whether expression of this protein resembles that of regulatory proteins, we studied expression of c-cbl mRNA and protein in differentiating cells and in proliferating cells, conditions in whi ch expression of regulatory proteins commonly is modulated. Differenti ation of both erythroleukemia cells and teratocarcinoma cells showed a decrease in c-cbl expression, with kinetics similar to those of trans cription factors that are immediate early response genes. Unlike early response genes, however, c-cbl mRNA showed a very long half life in B lymphocytes. Further, in fibroblasts and spleen cells that were induc ed to proliferate, c-cbl mRNA expression did not change, and expressio n of c-cbl protein did not change during any stage of the cell cycle. These characteristics indicate that c-cbl does not belong to the immed iate early response type of transcription factor. Yet when c-cbl is tr uncated, as in v-cbl, the protein does enter the nucleus and bind DNA, and it contributes to neoplastic transformation of B lymphocytes and fibroblasts. These findings indicate that the regulation of the c-cbl proto-oncogene is different from that of the proto-oncogenes identifie d to date and suggest that c-cbl belongs to a new class of proto-oncog enes.