EFFECTS OF MICROBIAL PHYTASE SUPPLEMENTATION AND SOAKING OF BARLEY SOYBEAN-MEAL ON AVAILABILITY OF PLANT PHOSPHORUS FOR GROWING PIGS

Authors
Citation
M. Nasi et E. Helander, EFFECTS OF MICROBIAL PHYTASE SUPPLEMENTATION AND SOAKING OF BARLEY SOYBEAN-MEAL ON AVAILABILITY OF PLANT PHOSPHORUS FOR GROWING PIGS, Acta agriculturae Scandinavica. Section A, Animal science, 44(2), 1994, pp. 79-86
Citations number
40
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Agriculture Dairy & AnumalScience
ISSN journal
0906-4702
Volume
44
Issue
2
Year of publication
1994
Pages
79 - 86
Database
ISI
SICI code
0906-4702(1994)44:2<79:EOMPSA>2.0.ZU;2-E
Abstract
The efficacy of phytase supplement, 1200 U/kg, produced by Aspergillus niger on phytin phosphorus (P) availability was assayed in a 6 x 6 La tin square designed digestibility and balance trial with growing pigs at live weight 35-88 kg. The pigs were fed on barley-soybean meal diet s without inorganic P either soaked for 3 h or without soaking. The P content of the control diet with added inorganic P was 6.5 g and that of unsupplemented diets 3.7 g/kg. The calcium content was 8.0 g/kg in all diets, and in the composition of other nutrients, the diets were e qual. Soaking of the meal had no effect on digestibility of any nutrie nt. The digestibility of ash in a diet supplemented with phytase was i mproved (P<0.001). There were no differences in any organic constituen t digestibility between the treatments. No effect on nitrogen utilizat ion was found as a result of phytase addition or soaking. The addition of microbial phytase improved (P<0.001) the apparent absorption of P to 0.64 as compared to the unsupplemented 0.45. The retained P, on ave rage 4.9 g/d in diets with supplementary phytase, was significantly hi gher (P<0.001) than that without, 3.7 g/d. In pigs fed a diet with add itional inorganic P, the retention of P was 5.5 g/d. P retention in te rms of daily amount of intake was greater (P<0.001) in diets with adde d phytase than without (0.58 vs. 0.44). From the diet with inorganic P supplementation a significantly lower value, 0.38 (P<0.001) was achie ved than from the unsupplemented diets. Calcium digestibility and rete ntion tended to be higher in phytase-treated diets. Owing to its effec t on phytate P availability in a barley-soybean meal diet, phytase tre atment of feedstuffs allows a greater proportion of the pig's P requir ement to be met by P of plant origin and results in reduced losses of dietary P in faeces and urine.