TOPOLOGY OF CATALASE ASSEMBLY IN HUMAN SKIN FIBROBLASTS

Citation
E. Middelkoop et al., TOPOLOGY OF CATALASE ASSEMBLY IN HUMAN SKIN FIBROBLASTS, Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1220(1), 1993, pp. 15-20
Citations number
25
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Biophysics,Biology
ISSN journal
0006-3002
Volume
1220
Issue
1
Year of publication
1993
Pages
15 - 20
Database
ISI
SICI code
0006-3002(1993)1220:1<15:TOCAIH>2.0.ZU;2-X
Abstract
The biogenesis, assembly and import of the peroxisomal enzyme catalase was studied in human skin fibroblasts from control persons and from p atients with the Zellweger syndrome. For this purpose, two monoclonal antibodies were generated which are able to discriminate between the m onomeric or dimeric form and the tetrameric, enzymically active confor mation of the enzyme. Metabolic labelling studies showed that catalase is assembled to the tetrameric conformation within one hour after its synthesis, while it is still in the cytosol of the cell. Subsequently , the enzyme becomes particle-bound in the control cells, a process th at is retarded by addition of the catalase inhibitor 3-amino-1,2,4-tri azole. However, the tetramer remains in the cytosol in cells from Zell weger patients. It is concluded that newly synthesized catalase can be assembled to a tetramer in the cytosol in human skin fibroblasts. Unf olding of this tetramer prior to import into peroxisomes is indicated.