HALOCELLA CELLULOLYTICA GEN-NOV, SP-NOV, A NEW OBLIGATELY ANAEROBIC, HALOPHILIC, CELLULOLYTIC BACTERIUM

Citation
Mv. Simankova et al., HALOCELLA CELLULOLYTICA GEN-NOV, SP-NOV, A NEW OBLIGATELY ANAEROBIC, HALOPHILIC, CELLULOLYTIC BACTERIUM, Systematic and applied microbiology, 16(3), 1993, pp. 385-389
Citations number
24
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Microbiology,"Biothechnology & Applied Migrobiology
ISSN journal
0723-2020
Volume
16
Issue
3
Year of publication
1993
Pages
385 - 389
Database
ISI
SICI code
0723-2020(1993)16:3<385:HCGSAN>2.0.ZU;2-W
Abstract
A new halophilic cellulolytic bacterium isolated from hypersaline lago ons of Lake Sivash (Crimea) is described. The organism is an obligate anaerobe. Concentrations of between 5% and 20% NaCl are required for g rowth; optimum growth occurs at a concentration of 15% NaCl. The cells are Gramnegative, motile rods, 0.4-0.6 x 3.8-12.0 mu m in size. Cellu lose, starch and a wide variety of carbohydrates are utilized. The pro ducts of cellulose fermentation are acetate, ethanol, lactate, hydroge n and carbon dioxide. The temperature range for growth is 20-50 degree s C (opt. 39 degrees C). The pH range is 5.5-8.5 (opt. 7.0). The G+C c ontent of the DNA is 29 mol.%. The bacterium differs from other anaero bes and halophiles described in the literature. The name Halocella cel lulolytica gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is z-10151 .