A SURVEY OF THE NEWBORN POPULATIONS IN BELGIUM, GERMANY, POLAND, CZECH-REPUBLIC, HUNGARY, BULGARIA, SPAIN, TURKEY, AND JAPAN FOR THE G985 VARIANT ALLELE WITH HAPLOTYPE ANALYSIS AT THE MEDIUM-CHAIN ACYL-COA DEHYDROGENASE GENE LOCUS - CLINICAL AND EVOLUTIONARY CONSIDERATION

Citation
K. Tanaka et al., A SURVEY OF THE NEWBORN POPULATIONS IN BELGIUM, GERMANY, POLAND, CZECH-REPUBLIC, HUNGARY, BULGARIA, SPAIN, TURKEY, AND JAPAN FOR THE G985 VARIANT ALLELE WITH HAPLOTYPE ANALYSIS AT THE MEDIUM-CHAIN ACYL-COA DEHYDROGENASE GENE LOCUS - CLINICAL AND EVOLUTIONARY CONSIDERATION, Pediatric research, 41(2), 1997, pp. 201-209
Citations number
48
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Pediatrics
Journal title
ISSN journal
0031-3998
Volume
41
Issue
2
Year of publication
1997
Pages
201 - 209
Database
ISI
SICI code
0031-3998(1997)41:2<201:ASOTNP>2.0.ZU;2-Y
Abstract
Medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency is an inborn err or of fatty acid metabolism. It is one of the most frequent genetic me tabolic disorders among Caucasian children. The G985 allele represente d 90% of all the variant alleles of the MCAD gene in an extensive seri es of retrospective studies. To study the distribution of the G985 all ele, newborn blood samples from the following countries were tested: 3 000 from Germany (1/116), 1000 each from Belgium (1/77), Poland (1/98) , Czech Republic (1/240), Hungary (1/168), Bulgaria (1/91), Spain (1/1 41), Turkey (1/216), and 500 from Japan (none). The frequency is shown in parentheses. The haplotype of G985 alleles in I homozygote and 57 heterozygote samples were then analyzed using two intragenic MCAD gene polymorphisms (TaqI and GT-repeat). The result indicated that only 1 of the 10 known haplotypes was associated with the G985 mutation, sugg esting that G985 was derived originally from a single ancestral source . We made a compilation of the G985 frequencies in these countries and those in nine other European countries studied previously. The G985 d istribution was high in the area stretching from Russia to Bulgaria in the east and in all northern countries in western and middle Europe, but low in the southern part of western and middle Europe. The inciden ce among ethnic Basques appeared to he low. This distribution pattern and the fact that all G985 alleles belong to a single haplotype sugges t that G985 mutation occurred later than the Delta F508 mutation of th e CFTR, possibly in the neolithic or in a later period, and was brough t into Europe by IndoEuropean-speaking people. The panEuropean distrib ution of the G985 allele, including Slavic countries from which patien ts with MCAD deficiency have rarely been detected, indicates the impor tance of raising the level of awareness of this disease.