VIOLENT CRIME AND PUNISHMENT - AN APPLICATION OF THE LISREL MODEL

Citation
Hj. Brumm et Do. Cloninger, VIOLENT CRIME AND PUNISHMENT - AN APPLICATION OF THE LISREL MODEL, Applied economics, 27(8), 1995, pp. 719-725
Citations number
26
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Economics
Journal title
ISSN journal
0003-6846
Volume
27
Issue
8
Year of publication
1995
Pages
719 - 725
Database
ISI
SICI code
0003-6846(1995)27:8<719:VCAP-A>2.0.ZU;2-Z
Abstract
Public anxiety over violent crime has forged a broad consensus to purc hase more crime control. Recently, the President brought into law a fe deral anti-crime bill that will put an additional 100 000 police on th e nation's streets. This paper presents empirical evidence on the dete rrence effect of police presence. The principal finding is that police presence deters commission of violent crimes by increasing the risk o f being punished for committing those crimes. This risk is modelled as a latent variable, because the probability and severity of punishment for committing a violent crime are generally communicated in an incon sistent fashion. The violent crime commission rate is also treated as a latent variable, because it is almost certainly afflicted with measu rement error.