EFFECT OF METHIONINE ON THE FATTY-ACID COMPOSITION OF CELLULAR MEMBRANES IN RATS WITH CHRONIC ETHANOL-CONSUMPTION AND JEJUNOILEAL BYPASS

Citation
Ar. Waladkhani et al., EFFECT OF METHIONINE ON THE FATTY-ACID COMPOSITION OF CELLULAR MEMBRANES IN RATS WITH CHRONIC ETHANOL-CONSUMPTION AND JEJUNOILEAL BYPASS, Alcohol and alcoholism, 31(5), 1996, pp. 463-469
Citations number
22
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Substance Abuse
Journal title
ISSN journal
0735-0414
Volume
31
Issue
5
Year of publication
1996
Pages
463 - 469
Database
ISI
SICI code
0735-0414(1996)31:5<463:EOMOTF>2.0.ZU;2-#
Abstract
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of alcohol a dministration on jejunoileal bypass (JIB)-induced liver dysfunction in rats resulting in abnormalities of fatty acid composition of cell mem branes, and whether methionine is able to reverse these changes. Male Wistar rats were subjected to a jejunoileal bypass operation. For 12 w eeks, all groups were pair-fed either an alcohol-containing (36% of to tal calories) liquid diet or a liquid diet in which alcohol was replac ed isocalorically by starch. Methionine supplementation in three contr ol groups was 0, 32 and 160 mg/kg body weight/day and the rats in the four alcohol feeding groups received 0, 32, 160 and 224 mg/kg body wei ght/day. In the alcohol group without any methionine supplementation, higher proportions of oleic and linoleic acid and lower proportions of docosahexaenoic and arachidonic acid became evident in tissue samples of liver and jejunum, in comparison with the other alcohol group. A p ossible explanation for this reduction in tissue polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) may be a decrease in the activities of Delta 6- and Delta 5-desaturases, and subsequently a displacement of PUFA from lipid fra ctions by other fatty acids. Interestingly, in the alcohol group with the highest methionine supplementation, compared to all other alcohol groups, lower proportions of oleic acid, and higher proportions of doc osahexaenoic acid, appeared. A possible explanation for this increase of PUFA in tissue may be increased activities of Delta 6- and Delta 5- desaturases.