EFFECTS OF 2 RESCUE DOSES OF SYNTHETIC SURFACTANT IN 344 INFANTS WITHRESPIRATORY-DISTRESS SYNDROME WEIGHING 750 TO 1249 GRAMS - A DOUBLE-BLIND, PLACEBO-CONTROLLED MULTICENTER CANADIAN TRIAL

Citation
D. Mcmillan et al., EFFECTS OF 2 RESCUE DOSES OF SYNTHETIC SURFACTANT IN 344 INFANTS WITHRESPIRATORY-DISTRESS SYNDROME WEIGHING 750 TO 1249 GRAMS - A DOUBLE-BLIND, PLACEBO-CONTROLLED MULTICENTER CANADIAN TRIAL, The Journal of pediatrics, 126(5), 1995, pp. 90-98
Citations number
34
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Pediatrics
Journal title
ISSN journal
0022-3476
Volume
126
Issue
5
Year of publication
1995
Part
2
Supplement
S
Pages
90 - 98
Database
ISI
SICI code
0022-3476(1995)126:5<90:EO2RDO>2.0.ZU;2-C
Abstract
In a multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled rescue trial conduc ted at 13 Canadian hospitals, two 5 ml/kg doses of a synthetic surfact ant or air placebo were administered to 344 infants with birth weights of 750 to 1249 gm who had established respiratory distress syndrome a nd an arterial/alveolar oxygen tension ratio less than 0.22. The first dose was given between 2 and 24 hours of age, and the second dose was given 12 hours later to the infants remaining on mechanical ventilati on, Infants were stratified at study entry by birth weight and gender, The trial was terminated short of the targeted sample size because si gnificant reductions in mortality were observed in another rescue tria l completed in the United States in the same weight class of infants, Despite premature termination of the trial, the rate of survival witho ut bronchopulmonary dysplasia was increased (61% vs 52%; p = 0.046) in infants treated with surfactant. In addition, there was a significant reduction in the incidence of overall pulmonary air leak (46% vs 32%; p = 0.009), pneumothorax (27% vs 17%; p = 0.023), and pulmonary inter stitial emphysema (40% vs 28%; p = 0.018) in infants treated with synt hetic surfactant, There was no difference in the incidence of bronchop ulmonary dysplasia, apnea, or pulmonary hemorrhage, Significant improv ements in alveolar-arterial oxygen tension gradient, arterial/alveolar oxygen tension ratio, and oxygen and ventilator requirements through day 7 were present, These findings indicate that rescue therapy with s ynthetic surfactant con improve outcome for premature infants weighing 750 to 1249 gm with respiratory distress syndrome.