ON THE C-14 AND AR-39 DISTRIBUTION IN THE CENTRAL ARCTIC-OCEAN - IMPLICATIONS FOR DEEP-WATER FORMATION

Citation
P. Schlosser et al., ON THE C-14 AND AR-39 DISTRIBUTION IN THE CENTRAL ARCTIC-OCEAN - IMPLICATIONS FOR DEEP-WATER FORMATION, Radiocarbon, 36(3), 1994, pp. 327-343
Citations number
27
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Geosciences, Interdisciplinary
Journal title
Radiocarbon → ACNP
ISSN journal
0033-8222
Volume
36
Issue
3
Year of publication
1994
Pages
327 - 343
Database
ISI
SICI code
0033-8222(1994)36:3<327:OTCAAD>2.0.ZU;2-U
Abstract
We present Delta(14)C, and Ar-39 data collected in the Nansen, Amundse n and Makarov basins during two expeditions to the central Arctic Ocea n (RV Polarstern cruises ARK IV/3, 1987 and ARK VIII/3, 1991). The dat a are used, together with published Delta(14)C values, to describe the distribution of Delta(14)C in all major basins of the Arctic Ocean (N ansen, Amundsen, Makarov and Canada Basins), as well as the Ar-39 dist ribution in the Nansen Basin and the deep waters of the Amundsen and M akarov Basins. From the combined Delta(14)C and Ar-39 distributions, w e derive information on the mean ''isolation ages'' of the deep and bo ttom waters of the Arctic Ocean. The data point toward mean ages of th e bottom waters in the Eurasian Basin (Nansen and Amundsen Basins) of ca. 250-300 yr. The deep waters of the Amundsen Basin show slightly hi gher H-3 concentrations than those in the Nansen Basin, indicating the addition of a higher fraction of water that has been at the sea surfa ce during the past few decades. Correction for the bomb C-14 added to the deep waters along with bomb H-3 yields isolation ages for the bulk of the deep and bottom waters of the Amundsen Basin similar to those estimated for the Nansen Basin. This finding agrees well with the Ar-3 9 data. Deep and bottom waters in the Canadian Basin (Makarov and Cana da Basins) are very homogeneous, with an isolation age of ca. 450 yr. Delta(14)C and Ar-39 data and a simple inverse model treating the Cana dian Basin Deep Water (CBDW) as one well-mixed reservoir renewed by a mixture of Atlantic Water (29%), Eurasian Basin Deep Water (69%) and b rine-enriched shelf water (2%) yield a mean residence time of CBDW of ca. 300 yr.