UREA AND LACTATE DETERMINED IN 1-MU-L WHOLE-BLOOD SAMPLES WITH A MINIATURIZED THERMAL BIOSENSOR

Citation
B. Xie et al., UREA AND LACTATE DETERMINED IN 1-MU-L WHOLE-BLOOD SAMPLES WITH A MINIATURIZED THERMAL BIOSENSOR, Clinical chemistry, 40(12), 1994, pp. 2282-2287
Citations number
32
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Chemistry Medicinal
Journal title
ISSN journal
0009-9147
Volume
40
Issue
12
Year of publication
1994
Pages
2282 - 2287
Database
ISI
SICI code
0009-9147(1994)40:12<2282:UALDI1>2.0.ZU;2-5
Abstract
A miniaturized flow-injected thermal biosensor was developed for the d etermination of urea and L-lactate in undiluted blood in 1-mu L sample s. The sensor employed a small enzyme column constructed of stainless steel tubing and microbead thermistors. Urease and lactate oxidase/cat alase were separately immobilized onto controlled-pore glass beads, wh ich, in turn, were charged into the enzyme column. With a flow rate of 70 mu L/min, linear analytical ranges from 0.2 to at least 50 mmol/L and 0.2 to 14 mmol/L were obtained for urea and lactate, respectively. The relative standard deviations (CVs) for measurements of analyte in buffer were 0.91% for urea and 1.84% for lactate. For urea in whole b lood, the CV for 50 determinations was 4.1%. Contrived samples contain ing various concentrations of urea and L-lactate in whole blood were d etermined with this sensor and with a spectrophotometric method. Compa risons of the results gave correlation coefficients of 0.989 and 0.984 for 30 blood urea and 30 blood lactate assays in concentrations rangi ng from 4 to 20.9 mmol/L and from 1.7 to 12.7 mmol/L, respectively.