MASS-TRAPPING OF CARPOPHILUS SPP (COLEOPTERA, NITIDULIDAE) IN STONE FRUIT ORCHARDS USING SYNTHETIC AGGREGATION PHEROMONES AND A COATTRACTANT - DEVELOPMENT OF A STRATEGY FOR POPULATION SUPPRESSION

Citation
Dg. James et al., MASS-TRAPPING OF CARPOPHILUS SPP (COLEOPTERA, NITIDULIDAE) IN STONE FRUIT ORCHARDS USING SYNTHETIC AGGREGATION PHEROMONES AND A COATTRACTANT - DEVELOPMENT OF A STRATEGY FOR POPULATION SUPPRESSION, Journal of chemical ecology, 22(8), 1996, pp. 1541-1556
Citations number
16
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Ecology,Biology
Journal title
ISSN journal
0098-0331
Volume
22
Issue
8
Year of publication
1996
Pages
1541 - 1556
Database
ISI
SICI code
0098-0331(1996)22:8<1541:MOCS(N>2.0.ZU;2-R
Abstract
Experiments were conducted in southern New South Wales to evaluate the potential of mass-trapping using synthetic aggregation pheromones and a coattractant as a control option for Carpophilus spp. in stone frui t orchards. A cordon of 54 pipe and 54 funnel traps (one trap of each type per perimeter tree) baited with pheromones of C. mutilatus and C. davidsoni and coattractant (fermenting bread dough) was maintained ar ound an apricot orchard for three weeks prior to harvest. The incidenc e of Carpophilus spp. in ripe fruit in the center of the orchard was s ignificantly reduced compared to a nearby orchard or the perimeter tre es containing traps. A cordon of 16 water-filled Magnet funnel traps b aited with pheromones of C. mutilatus and C. davidsoni and coattractan t was placed around a 9 x 9 block of trees in a peach orchard (single traps on alternate perimeter trees). This trapping regime significantl y reduced infestation of fruit baits by Carpophilus spp. in the center tree over a period of six weeks compared to fruit baits in trap trees and distant (100 m) control trees. However, cordons of eight pheromon e traps within 1 m of single trees or a single trap adjacent to a tree increased Carpophilus spp. infestation of fruit baits by up to 7.5 x compared to trees without pheromone traps. Mass-trapping based on peri meter positioning of pheromone traps (at a yet to be determined distan ce from protected trees) appears to show potential as a control strate gy for Carpophilus spp. in stone fruit orchards during fruit ripening and harvest but traps too close to trees must be avoided. Development of a strategy for population suppression is discussed with respect to trap type, efficacy, positioning, and density; pheromone and coattract ant delivery systems; and orchard sanitation.