ON THE MAJORITY-RULE IN THE HELIX SENSE BIAS OF SYNDIOTACTIC HOMO-PEPTIDES FROM C-ALPHA-METHYL LEUCINE

Citation
E. Benedetti et al., ON THE MAJORITY-RULE IN THE HELIX SENSE BIAS OF SYNDIOTACTIC HOMO-PEPTIDES FROM C-ALPHA-METHYL LEUCINE, Gazzetta chimica italiana, 126(9), 1996, pp. 577-585
Citations number
35
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Chemistry
Journal title
ISSN journal
0016-5603
Volume
126
Issue
9
Year of publication
1996
Pages
577 - 585
Database
ISI
SICI code
0016-5603(1996)126:9<577:OTMITH>2.0.ZU;2-T
Abstract
The terminally blocked, syndiotactic, linear homo-peptides from the C- alpha-tetrasubstituted alpha-amino acid C-alpha-methylleucine of gener al formula pBrBz-[(alpha Me)Leu](n)-OR (n=2-5; R=H, OtBu) [(D-L)(x)-(D )(y), with x=1, 2 and y=0, 1](a) have been synthesized by solution met hods and fully characterized. In solution, the longest peptides appear to adopt predominantly an intramolecularly H-bonded, right-handed hel ical structure, as assessed by IR absorption and CD techniques. While the tripeptide ester pBrBz-D-(alpha Me)Leu-L-(alpha Me)Leu-D-(alpha Me )Leu-OtBu does not assume any regular secondary structure in the cryst al state, as determined by X-ray diffraction analysis, the tripeptide free acid pBrBz-D-(alpha Me)Leu-L-(alpha Me)Leu-D-(alpha Me)Leu-OH and the pentapeptide ester pBrBz-[D-(alpha Me)Leu-L-(alpha Me)Leu](2)-D-( alpha Me)Leu-OtBu are folded in (incipient) right-handed 3(10)-helices . These latter results indicate that a helix screw sense bias can be p roduced in homo-peptides even by a limited excess of one enantiomer of the constituent amino acid.