ATMOSPHERIC RN-222 MEASUREMENTS DURING THE 1993 NARE INTENSIVE

Citation
F. Zaucker et al., ATMOSPHERIC RN-222 MEASUREMENTS DURING THE 1993 NARE INTENSIVE, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 101(D22), 1996, pp. 29149-29164
Citations number
34
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Metereology & Atmospheric Sciences
Volume
101
Issue
D22
Year of publication
1996
Pages
29149 - 29164
Database
ISI
SICI code
Abstract
In this paper we describe a recently developed technique to collect sa mples for atmospheric Rn-222 measurements suited for deployment on (re search) aircraft. Following a technical description of the sampler we present measurements from nine flights during the 1993 North Atlantic Regional Experiment (NARE) intensive over the North Atlantic Ocean and over the continent in the vicinity of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, Canada. Samples were taken both in the boundary layer and in the free troposphere up to about 5500 m (msl). Concentrations ranged from 0.01 to 1.66 Bq/m(3) in the free troposphere, with means of 1.66 and 0.52 B q/m(3), respectively. Boundary layer Rn-222 concentrations were strong ly correlated with back trajectory origins confirming the use of Rn-22 2 as tracer for continental air masses. Samples collected in the marin e boundary layer (MEL) were found to be significantly correlated with aerosol particle, NOy, and O-3 concentrations reaffirming the utility of radon as a tracer of continental boundary layer air. Radon concentr ations for the MBL samples were not found to be significantly correlat ed with transit times from the continent as estimated from back trajec tory analysis implying that variations in the radon concentrations are dominated by factors other than radioactive decay. It is suggested th at this factor is the height of the continental boundary layer into wh ich the radon is emitted. On the basis of the radioactive decay we est imated apparent Rn-222 ages for our samples and discuss the inherent d ifficulties in reliable age estimates. A comparison with hydrocarbon r atio age estimates for a highly polluted plume of air encountered duri ng the campaign shows a similar age range for these samples and sugges ts that simultaneous measurements of species with different chemical a nd physical properties might allow narrowing the uncertainties in such ages estimates.