DEFORESTATION, LAND-USE, AND WOMENS AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES IN THE ECUADORIAN AMAZON

Citation
Kk. Thapa et al., DEFORESTATION, LAND-USE, AND WOMENS AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES IN THE ECUADORIAN AMAZON, World development, 24(8), 1996, pp. 1317-1332
Citations number
44
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Planning & Development",Economics
Journal title
ISSN journal
0305-750X
Volume
24
Issue
8
Year of publication
1996
Pages
1317 - 1332
Database
ISI
SICI code
0305-750X(1996)24:8<1317:DLAWAA>2.0.ZU;2-K
Abstract
Migrant women's participation in agricultural activities in the Ecuado rian Amazon frontier is examined using 1990 household survey data. A r ecursive model is developed to test women's participation in agricultu re as a function of household's land use and land area cleared (defore sted), women's characteristics, use of hired labor, and household inco me. Results suggest that troth hired labor and off-farm income ''subst itute'' for women's labor in agriculture. Women who bavemare young chi ldren are more Likely to be involved in agriculture. Conversely, women are less likely to work in agricul ture the larger the proportion of the cleared area in pasture versus crops, partly because raising cattl e requires less labor than crops. Some implications of these results f or policies to develop the frontier, provide better infrastructure and services, and conserve the rainforest are discussed in the conclusion , and suggestions are provided for improved future data collection and analysis to examine the linkages between women's work, frontier agric ulture and land use. Copyright (C) 1996 Elsevier Science Ltd