NEW APPROACHES TO PREHISTORIC LAND-USE RECONSTRUCTION IN SOUTHWESTERNGERMANY

Authors
Citation
M. Rosch, NEW APPROACHES TO PREHISTORIC LAND-USE RECONSTRUCTION IN SOUTHWESTERNGERMANY, Vegetation history and archaeobotany, 5(1-2), 1996, pp. 65-79
Citations number
47
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Plant Sciences",Paleontology
ISSN journal
0939-6314
Volume
5
Issue
1-2
Year of publication
1996
Pages
65 - 79
Database
ISI
SICI code
0939-6314(1996)5:1-2<65:NATPLR>2.0.ZU;2-N
Abstract
Botanical on-site and off-site data relating to Late Neolithic and Bro nze Age settlement phases in south-western Germany are compared with a view to reconstructing economic and environmental change. The large d ifferences between the Neolithic and Bronze Age as regards forest comp osition, crops and crop weeds, and charcoal input are explained in ter ms of different types of agronomic systems and hence cultural landscap e. In the Late Neolithic, shifting cultivation, involving slash and bu rn, was practised with the result that the landscape was largely domin ated by tall shrubs. In the Bronze Age there were more or less permane nt arable fields with only short fallow phases. The agronomic system a nd the resulting cultural landscape was already similar to that of the medieval period and, especially, early medieval time.