DIRECT-SPACE METHODS IN PHASE EXTENSION AND PHASE REFINEMENT .5. THE HISTOGRAM MOMENTS METHOD

Citation
Yx. Gu et al., DIRECT-SPACE METHODS IN PHASE EXTENSION AND PHASE REFINEMENT .5. THE HISTOGRAM MOMENTS METHOD, Acta crystallographica. Section D, Biological crystallography, 52, 1996, pp. 1114-1118
Citations number
9
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Crystallography,"Biochemical Research Methods",Biology
ISSN journal
0907-4449
Volume
52
Year of publication
1996
Part
6
Pages
1114 - 1118
Database
ISI
SICI code
0907-4449(1996)52:<1114:DMIPEA>2.0.ZU;2-C
Abstract
Any distribution is completely defined by its moments. It is shown tha t a process of phase refinement can be carried out, based on Fourier t ransforms, which modifies the moments of electron density, separately in the protein and solvent regions, towards target values. Tests have been carried out on two moderate-sized proteins with 800-900 atoms in the asymmetric unit, one containing heavy atoms and the other not. It has been found that refinement using the third moment about zero in th e protein region is most effective and that refinement with higher mom ents, or in the solvent region, adds nothing useful. Two kinds of weig hts are necessary in the method. One is for giving a weighted mixture of new phase indications with original phase estimates from, say, mult iple isomorphous replacement. The other weights are applied to the Fou rier coefficients of density maps to give the best possible signal:noi se ratio. These weights have been explored empirically and the best on es found are described. It is concluded that since the moments method, which changes phases in reciprocal space, is independent of other his togram-matching procedures, which change density in real space, it has something to offer in a refinement package containing several procedu res.