PERMEABILITY OF COEXTRUDED LINEAR LOW-DENSITY POLYETHYLENE FILMS TO OXYGEN AND CARBON-DIOXIDE AS DETERMINED BY ELECTROCHEMICAL TECHNIQUES

Citation
V. Compan et al., PERMEABILITY OF COEXTRUDED LINEAR LOW-DENSITY POLYETHYLENE FILMS TO OXYGEN AND CARBON-DIOXIDE AS DETERMINED BY ELECTROCHEMICAL TECHNIQUES, Polymer, 37(11), 1996, pp. 2243-2250
Citations number
26
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Polymer Sciences
Journal title
ISSN journal
0032-3861
Volume
37
Issue
11
Year of publication
1996
Pages
2243 - 2250
Database
ISI
SICI code
0032-3861(1996)37:11<2243:POCLLP>2.0.ZU;2-M
Abstract
The mechanical relaxation spectra of co-extruded linear low-density po lyethylene (LLDPE) films, prepared from copolymers of ethylene and 1-o ctene, were measured in parallel and transverse directions to the proc essing orientation. Both the gamma- and beta-relaxations do not show a noticeable dependence on the direction in which the measurements were performed. However, whereas the alpha-relaxation in the measurements performed in the parallel direction appears as two peaks, in order of increasing temperature, which were denoted as alpha' and alpha '', the measurements carried out in the transverse direction only exhibit the alpha'-peak. The influence of tensile drawing on the permeability of co-extruded LLDPE films to oxygen and carbon dioxide was investigated by electrochemical techniques over the range of temperatures where the alpha'-relaxation process is located. In general, the permeability co efficients do not show a significant dependence on the drawing directi on in the temperature interval corresponding to the low temperature re gion of the alpha'-peak. In this high-temperature zone, the values of the permeability coefficient for O-2 and CO2 through the oriented film s after tensile drawing are significantly lower than those obtained fo r these gases through undrawn coextruded LLDPE films. The diffusion co efficients do not show a definite dependence on tensile drawing. Copyr ight (C) 1996 Elsevier Science Ltd.