BODY-MASS CHANGE IN BREEDING COMMON TERNS STERNA-HIRUNDO

Citation
H. Wendeln et Ph. Becker, BODY-MASS CHANGE IN BREEDING COMMON TERNS STERNA-HIRUNDO, Bird study, 43, 1996, pp. 85-95
Citations number
34
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Ornithology
Journal title
Bird study → ACNP
ISSN journal
0006-3657
Volume
43
Year of publication
1996
Part
1
Pages
85 - 95
Database
ISI
SICI code
0006-3657(1996)43:<85:BCIBCT>2.0.ZU;2-8
Abstract
In 1991-1993 we studied the body mass change of adult Common Terns Ste rna hirundo breeding on the German North Sea coast. In each year femal es' body mass increase prior to laying was very similar (about 5.4 g d ay(-1)). This mass increase resulted in an average body mass of about 175 g on the day of egg-laying. In 1992 and 1993 the females' body mas s decreased significantly during incubation, while males' body mass wa s constant. In 1991, however, neither sex showed a decrease in body ma ss while incubating. In all years, incubating females and males were h eavier than chick-rearing parents. This difference was not caused by h igher mass in early incubation, because males and females were still s ignificantly heavier in the last week of incubation than in the first week of chick-rearing. Decreasing mass during incubation and the low b ody masses during chick-rearing are considerd to be stress induced rat her than an adaptive strategy to lower flight costs. The decrease in f emale body mass during incubation in 1992 and 1993 and the lower body mass of males in these years could be related to less favourable forag ing conditions compared to 1991, when both males and females showed th e highest average body mass values of the 3 years.