EAST-ASIAN SECURITY ISSUES - A SUMMARY REVIEW

Authors
Citation
Kc. Oh, EAST-ASIAN SECURITY ISSUES - A SUMMARY REVIEW, The Korean journal of defense analysis, 7(2), 1995, pp. 81
Citations number
50
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Review
Categorie Soggetti
International Relations
ISSN journal
1016-3271
Volume
7
Issue
2
Year of publication
1995
Database
ISI
SICI code
1016-3271(1995)7:2<81:ESI-AS>2.0.ZU;2-U
Abstract
The objective of the paper is to identify emerging security concerns a nd anxiety in the post-Cold War era in the Asia-Pacific region. Based upon our clear understanding of these factors, we can devise ways to c ope with these new security issues. There are at least five reasons fo r security anxiety: (1) a continuing drawdown of US forces from the As ia-Pacific region; (2) the advent of economic blocs; (3) the fast rise of China as a future superpower; (4) uncertainties and unpredictabili ty of the future identity of Japan as a potential superpower; and (5) North Korea's nuclear weapons development. The anxiety takes definite forms: misgivings about possible new conflict on the Korean peninsula; the jeopardy of nuclear proliferation; apprehensions about the emergi ng regional security order, if any; insecurity about the regional econ omic and trading system; and uneasiness over emerging nonconventional security issues. Because of divergent national interests of major powe rs in East Asia, it is very unlikely that a stable and cooperative reg ional security order will emerge unless collective and concerted effor ts are made by all countries of the region. In light of the necessity of maintaining a stable security environment congenial to steady econo mic growth, initiatives must be taken to form a subregional security d ialogue in Northeast Asia and then evolve it into a fully institutiona lized security arrangement. In Southeast Asia, ARF must be enhanced an d institutionalized. These two subregional security arrangements can e ventually constitute a region-wide security cooperative regime which m ay evolve from APEC.