ADJUVANT CHEMOTHERAPY AFTER COMPLETE RESECTION IN NON-SMALL-CELL LUNG-CANCER

Citation
H. Wada et al., ADJUVANT CHEMOTHERAPY AFTER COMPLETE RESECTION IN NON-SMALL-CELL LUNG-CANCER, Journal of clinical oncology, 14(4), 1996, pp. 1048-1054
Citations number
21
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Oncology
ISSN journal
0732-183X
Volume
14
Issue
4
Year of publication
1996
Pages
1048 - 1054
Database
ISI
SICI code
0732-183X(1996)14:4<1048:ACACRI>2.0.ZU;2-M
Abstract
Purpose: We performed a study to determine whether postoperative mild chemotherapy to maintain the patient's quality of life (QOL) and immun oactivity could also prolong survival. Subjects and Methods: From Dece mber 1985 to July 1988, 323 patients with completely resected primary non-small-cell lung cancer (stage I to III) were enrolled. The subject s were randomized into three treatment groups, as follows: cisplatin ( CDDP) 50 mg/m(2) body surface, vindesine (VDS) 2 to 3 mg/kg body weigh t for three courses, and 1-year oral administration of tegafur (FT) pl us uracil (UFT) 400 mg/kg body weight (CVUft group, 115 patients); 1-y ear oral administration of UFT 400 mg/kg body weight (Uft group, 108 p atients); or surgical treatment only (control group, 100 patients). Re sults: The overall 5-year survival rates were 60.6% for the CVUft grou p and 64.1% for the Uft group versus 49.0% for the control group. The results of statistical testing were P = .053 (log-rank test) and P = . 044 (generalized Wilcoxon test) among the three groups, P = .083 (log- rank) and P = .074 (Wilcoxon) between the CVUft and the control groups , and P = .022 (log-rank) and P = .019 (Wilcoxon) between the Uft and the control groups, which indicates higher survival rates in the CVUft and the Uft groups compared with the control group. A multivariate st atistical analysis on prognostic factors using Cox's proportional haza rds model was performed with the following results: P = .037, hazards ratio = 0.64 with a 95% confidence interval (CI) of 0.42 to 0.97 (cont rol v CVUft group); and P = .009, hazards ratio = 0.55 with a 95% CI o f 0.36 to 0.86 (control v Uft group). Conclusion: Significantly favora ble results were obtained in the CVUft and Uft groups compared with su rgery alone. These data showed significant prognostic advantages in th e postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy groups. (C) 1996 by American Soc iety of Clinical Oncology.